Who doesn’t know about gold? Well, many of us have mostly seen “the golden gold’. Have you seen gold in different colors? Have you ever wondered if there are any other types of gold? Yes? How many types of gold are there? And which one is best to design jewelry? If you find yourself pondering about gold, you have come to the right place.
This blog will shed light on some interesting facts about the types of gold. But before that, let’s go back to the “Chemistry lesson” and briefly familiarize ourselves with the chemical nature of Gold. Yes, it’s boring, but we’ll try to make it interesting for you!
The Gold Basics!
Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au (from Latin aurum) and atomic number 79, a transition metal as bright as the sun in its pure form! It is slightly orange, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile.
It was discovered in the Middle East (before 6000 BCE). It often occurs in free elements, as in rocks or grains, naturally alloyed with other metals like copper and palladium because of its softness.
Gold cannot be used in its purest form in the jewelry as it is extremely soft. To harden it, it is alloyed with other metals. Since it is bright, shiny, beautiful, and very difficult to extract, it is considered among precious and rare metals.
So, it is used for coinage, jewelry, and other arts. Gold has another wonderful property: it is a very good conductor, and this property has led to its vast use in manufacturing industries as well.
Now, you might have a general orientation about the origin of gold and its basic properties; we will walk you through its types and spill some interesting facts about how many types of gold are there.
Gold has different types, which can be distinguished by the process they are made and the metals they are alloyed with. This even changes the color of gold, making it yellow, white, rose, etc.; let’s go through each very briefly.
How Many Types of Gold are There?
Depending upon the color, there is yellow gold, white gold, and rose gold.
Adding silver, copper, or zinc to pure gold results in the formation of yellow gold, which is the most common and preferred option in different types of gold. Gold and copper alloys make up a 24k yellow-gold composition. In its purest form, it gives a bright orange-yellow tone.
- Yellow gold is neutral, classic, versatile, and timeless, but the higher the karat of gold jewelry, the softer it is and more prone to scratches.
- It is perfect for adding sophistication and elegance to any outfit or jewelry.
- It complements a wide range of gemstones and is perfect for engagement rings, necklaces, bracelets, and earrings.
- It has been a traditional and enduring choice for centuries.
Pros and Cons
- Due to its relative purity compared to other types, it has the least allergic reaction on the skin, and you don’t need to worry about its maintenance, i.e it is hypoallergenic.
- It is resistant to corrosion or tarnishing. However, if the quantity of other alloys exceeds a certain amount, its durability lessens and may become prone to corrosion.
- It contains traces of copper, which is why it has a softer and warmer tone. It is usually the safest bet for sensitive skin.
- It brings out warmer tones in the skin, so it creates a lovely balancing effect on people having cooler skin tones.
Alloying silver, nickel, or palladium with gold typically creates a white color. Gold and nickel are typically 90% white gold, with copper, nickel, and sometimes platinum. It uses silver and zinc rather than nickel to achieve a white metal look.
Rhodium plating is often applied to give it a shiny, silvery surface that makes it look beautiful and provides a bright, reflective surface.
- White gold is more scratch-resistant as compared to yellow gold.
- Due to its color and durability, it is sometimes chosen over platinum for making diamonds and gemstones. People who often avoid golden-yellow hues go for this type of gold.
- It has become increasingly popular over the last few years and is the favorite yellow gold and platinum alternative.
- It is also popular among those who like subtle jewelry that doesn’t attract attention.
Pros and Cons
- It is considered quite chic and cool and looks good on every skin tone.
- However, in contrast to yellow gold, it is not easy to maintain and needs a fresh coat of plating every couple of years. Proper maintenance is needed to keep it shiny.
- It is affordable, strong, and popular among both men and women. It’s a modern and elegant option for those who prefer a more contemporary look.
- Rose gold, an eye-catching metal, is a blend of pure gold and copper and often has a touch of silver, which enhances its visual appeal. It has a signature pink hue, which makes it very attractive.
- It has gained widespread popularity in the world of jewelry and design due to its distinctive warm hue.
- The presence of copper gives it that iconic pink color, which resembles the blush tones of a blooming rose.
- The presence of copper increases its strength and durability.
- It is mostly used for embellishment purposes with other types of gold and gems. People often use it to make a fashion statement.
- Pros and Cons
- Like yellow gold, it also gives warmer tones to the skin, so it brings a rich warmth of tones to those having warmer skin tones.
- As compared to yellow or white gold, it is strong, has more durability, and can withstand day-to-day wear and tear since it contains more copper.
- It is not hypoallergenic, as some people are allergic due to the presence of copper in it.
Some Other Types
- Depending upon the quality and purity, there are 14- Karats, 18-Karats and 24-Karats Gold. A gold karat is basically 1/24th part of the whole. Gold alloy’s purity is assessed based on the number of these parts it has.
- Pure gold is 24 Karats(24k), with no alloys, and thus, it is too soft. It is mixed with other metals to make it wearable.
- It has 18 parts gold and the remaining 6 parts of alloys. It is comparatively strong and durable.
- It has 14 parts gold and 10 parts alloys. A higher quantity of alloy makes it less pure and stronger.
The Bottom Line
So, we have elaborated the types of gold depending upon the alloys and the purity. We hope that this blog has answered your question regarding how many types of gold are there.
We also hope that it has provided you with enough information to help you choose the type that is cost-effective, convenient for you, and, most importantly, suits your skin tone and fashion sense.